The cannabis laws in Oregon are quite liberating for recreational users of marijuana. In this state, marijuana is legal for both medical and recreational use. The state of Oregon introduced the new regulations to decriminalize cannabis early on.
We will take a look at what they cannabis laws in Oregon state at the moment and what are the possession limits and the regulations for medical users.
History of Cannabis Laws in Oregon
Recreational and medical use of marijuana is legal in this state thanks to two bills that were previously passed in relation to the cannabis laws in Oregon. The first bill was the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act in 1998 and the Control, regulation, and Taxation of Hemp Act which was passed in 2014.
However, Oregon is facing a lot of problem with regulating marijuana sales especially for recreational users, which is why new rules have been introduced in the cannabis laws in Oregon. Starting on 28th December 2018, the Liquor Control Commission which is overseeing medical marijuana applicants have tightened the control and is on the lookout for spotting applications to become medical marijuana users that seem suspicious. The new medical cannabis laws in Oregon allowed qualifying patients to be able to purchase more medical cannabis for their needs. The quantity rose from one ounce or around 30 grams to 8 ounces of around 25 gram. The monthly limit for medical marijuana users is set at 32 ounces or a little over 900 grams. The new regulations are trying to make marijuana more accessible to medical users, with a new change that came in place recently. This allows licensed dispensaries the right to deliver medical marijuana to patients upon request
The regulatory body for medical marijuana users now is the Oregon Health Authority overseeing the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program, The recreational marijuana use is under the Oregon Liquor Control Commission.
Cannabis in Oregon via Gsblaw
Where Can You Buy Cannabis in Oregon
The Oregon Liquor Control Commission is issuing certifications to dispensaries. Purchasing marijuana from these dispensaries is legal. Individuals over the age of 21 are allowed to buy up to 1 ounce or around 30 grams of marijuana per day for personal use and all purchases are a subject to a 17% exercise tax plus 3% local taxes. The taxes apply to both marijuana flower and marijuana-infused products.
As for medical users of marijuana, the cannabis laws in Oregon allow a higher limit – 8 ounces or around 225 grams per purchase and up to 32 ounces per month. In order to be able to buy cannabis as a medical user, the individual would need to show a photo ID together with their medical marijuana identification card. The same rules apply to designated caregivers.
Marijuana is allowed to be cultivated at home for both medical and recreational use. The cultivation has to be done at a private property away from public access. It is worth mentioning that synthetic marijuana is still considered illegal in the state of Oregon.
Where to Consume Cannabis in Oregon?
Cannabis consumption for both patients and recreational users needs to be done at a private property. Public consumption is prohibited and this also refers to places that are licensed to sell liquor. Cannabis consumption is prohibited in a parked vehicle which is not parked in a private car park. Driving under the influence is highly prohibited and the same refers to being under the influence while being a passenger in a moving vehicle.
Public consumption, however, is legal in certain places. This depends on how the place is labeled, namely, the cannabis laws in Oregon recognize streets, schools, places of worship, parks, playgrounds, bus stops, amusement parks or similar which are free for public access, This law allows using cannabis in places that are not specified in the law, but it needs to be done in accordance with Oregon’s Clean Air Act.
Cannabis growing in Oregon via Katu
Possession Limits in Oregon
Different rules apply to recreational and medical users of marijuana. For recreational users who do not hold a medical marijuana identity card, the limit is set t 1 ounce or around 0 grams of cannabis flower, 1 ounce or around 30 grams of cannabis concentrates, 16 ounces or around 450 grams for cannabis-infused products in solid form, 72 fluid or a little over 2 litres for cannabis-infused products in a liquid state, 10 marijuana seeds and up to 4 immature medical marijuana plants.
The cannabis laws in Oregon allow marijuana to be gifted to other individuals as long as it is not in exchange for money or goods of value. The quantities are limited at 1 ounce or around 30 grams of dried marijuana, 16 ounces or around 450 grams for cannabis-infused products in a solid form, 72 fluid ounces or a little over 2 liters of cannabis-infused products in a liquid state and up to 5 grams of cannabis concentrates. The regulations for gifting closely match the possession limits. Getting over the allowed amount is considered illegal for obvious reasons. If marijuana is exchanged for money and items of value, it is considered an illegal sale.
The cannabis laws in Oregon state that is illegal to travel outside of the state with marijuana, even to neighboring countries such as Washington, California, and Nevada where cannabis is legal for recreational use as well.
Cannabis can be transported in a car as long as no consumption is happening in a moving vehicle or a vehicle parked at a public place. The limits for transportation quantities match the possession allowance.
If passengers are using a plane to travel and they are flying out of Portland International Airport, they are allowed to carry up to 1 ounce or around 30 grams of marijuana. Marijuana consumption on the plane is clearly illegal. It is also illegal to possess cannabis on federal property.
Cannabis Production in Oregon via Wikileaf
The possession limits for medical marijuana users are higher than for recreational users. Qualifying patients and their caregivers are allowed to possess up to 24 ounces or around 680 grams of cannabis, 16 ounces or around 40 of cannabis-infused products in a solid form, 72 fluid ounces or around 2 liters or cannabis-infused products in a liquid forms, 5 grams of cannabis concentrates or extracts, up to 50 marijuana seeds and up to 4 immature cannabis plants.
Home Cultivation of Cannabis in Oregon
Both recreational and medical marijuana users are allowed to cultivate marijuana in their homes as long as it is outside of the public view. The cannabis laws in Oregon allow for an individual to grow up to 4 marijuana plants. For rented properties, individuals need to consult their landlords if they will allow cultivation since they have the right to decide if they will allow that at their property.
As for medical users, their medical marijuana identification card needs to have the address cited, and the users and the caregivers are allowed to cultivate marijuana at the given address. each qualifying patient can only grow cannabis at one location. The limits for medical marijuana patients and caregivers who cultivate cannabis on the behalf of their patients are set to 6 mature plants, 12 immature plants that are taller than 24 inches or 61 centimeters and 36 immature plants that are shorter than 24 inches or 61 centimeters.
However, this can also depend on the location where the cannabis is grown. for example, the city areas are limited to 12 mature plants, 24 immature plants taller than 24 inches and 72 immature plants shorter than 24 inches. If the site where marijuana is grown was registered before 2015 and it is in the city residential area, individuals can grow up to 24 mature plants, 48 immature plants taller than 24 inches and 144 immature plants shorter than 24 inches.
The limits grow additionally if the address where the marijuana is grown in outside of a residential area. The limits according to the cannabis laws in Oregon are st tot 48 mature plants, 96 immature plants taller than 24 inches and 144 immature plants shorter than 24 inches.
Cannabis Testing in Oregon via Spokesman
How to Register as a Medical Marijuana User?
In order to be recognized as a qualifying patient, the person needs to be diagnosed with one of the following qualifying conditions:
- A degenerative or pervasive neurological condition
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Cachexia, or wasting syndrome
- Persistent muscle spasms, including those associated with multiple sclerosis
- Seizures, including those caused by epilepsy
- Severe pain
- Severe nausea
In the application process, the patient needs to submit a recommendation from a physician who is licensed to prescribe medical marijuana. A form of identification needs to be included as a proof of address. patients can assign primary caregivers by stating that in the application plus an additional $200 if they want to register a growing site.
The qualifying patient can appoint a primary caregiver who is allowed to grow, buy, distribute and administer medical marijuana on behalf of the patient.
Cannabis Lab Testing in Oregon
All cannabis which is sold in certified dispensaries much be tested in an independent state-recognized cannabis testing lab. This is done in order to ensure that the recreational and medical cannabis together with marijuana-infused products are meeting the requirements and they are safe to consume.
During the testing process, the labs are involved in processes testing the following:
- Heavy metals
- Microbiological contaminants
- Water content
- Residual solvents
If a sample from a batch fails the cannabis test, there are two options depending on how bad the sample scored on the tests. If the cannabis was intended to be smoked yet failed the test, there is still a possibility for the lab to order for the batch to be turned into extract or oil. If the sample fails the crucial tests, then the lab can order for the entire batch to be destroyed. For concentrates and extracts, if the sample fails the test the lab can decide to retest another sample from the same batch. If the tests are not satisfactory again, the batch of concentrate or extract must be destroyed. In cases where the second test was passed, the batch would need to be re-examined in order to determine definitely if the testing is passed or failed.
Cannabis Dispensary in Oregon via NW News Network
In order to apply to become a certified cannabis testing lab, according to the cannabis laws in Oregon you would need to have all of the required equipment for conducting the above tests and submit an application. The application can be found online and you would need to pay a $250 fee which is non-refundable if you are not approved.
Cannabis sellers and testing labs need to be located at least 1000 feet away from any schools unless there are special circumstances under which the state allows for this to happen. The cities in Oregon have the right to impose reasonable regulations in terms of where the dispensaries can be opened and for them not to be in very close proximity to each other.
Cannabis laws in Oregon are quite good for both medical and recreational users of cannabis. These laws allow high quantities to be obtained and cultivated at home, and in that way, the state believes that it will prevent illegal sale if marijuana is accessible to all equally. Hopefully, other states will follow Oregon’s example and soon the decriminalization of marijuana will be even on a larger scale throughout the States.